Abstract:Though, the call for environmental protection is on the increase, the ability of the hotel consumersï¿½ to pay for green product is still a challenge for tourism industry. This study sought to expand existing understanding of consumerï¿½s environmental concern and knowledge in relation to intention to visit green hotels by developing and testing an extended social exchange theory. Specifically, environmental knowledge and concern were incorporated into the social exchange theory to understand comprehensively consumerï¿½s perceived consumption values with respect to their intention to visit green hotels. Results from the partial-least square structural equation modeling from a sample of 401 hotel guests in Nigeria showed that the proposed theoretical framework has a strong ability to determine intention and identified significant impact of environmental knowledge, concern and consumption values in generating intention, as well as the significant mediating effect of perceived consumption value in the model. The finding from this study provides additional perspective into consumersï¿½ decision-making processes, which can help hotel managers in the development and execution of hotel operations that would account for eco-friendly purchase behavior.
Abstract:Herbal remedies are significant besides the primary therapy in traditional organization of medicine has been cast-off in medical practices since prehistoric periods. Plants which contain phytochemical constituents are accountable for homoeopathic actions. In present study ethanolic extracts of Peach were assessed for phytochemical components. Tannins, Alkaloids, Carbohydrates, Steroids, Saponins, Quinones, Phenols and Oils were found positive among all the tested germplasm of Peach, whereas there is diversity of phytochemicals were found with reference to Flavonoids, Coumarins, Glycosides, Cardiac glycosides, Phlobtannins and Anthraquinones. As compared to others genotypes of Selected peach A2, Flame crust, 4.5, 669 No.2, Florida king, Early grand and Spring crust have all the bioactive compounds except anthraquinones, while coumarins was found negative in Peach early grand. Results for alkaloids and terpenoids were further confirmed through TLC which showed that alkaloids were positive in all the tested germplasm and showed highest Rf value in Peach early green (7.0875), while terpenoids presented highest Rf value in Peach No.2 (0.8625, 0.825 and 0.75) as compare to other germplasm although it was conclude that Peach early green have large amount of alkaloids and No.2 have rich number of terpenoids.
Abstract:Malignant Melanoma is the most dangerous type of skin cancer that influences all over the world 2-3 million people every year. For the early diagnosis of melanoma dermoscopic skin image is taken and it is exposed to several process. In this work top hat transform, dilation, median filter and Unsharp masking are done for pre and post processing. The image segmentation is done by Otsu’s method and morphological operations. The features are extracted by ABCD and FOS feature extraction techniques. The extracted features are separately given to the classifiers and then combined together to test the classifiers performance. Classification is done by Support Vector Machine (SVM) and Bag of Visual Words (BOW) classifiers. The performance measures are analyzed based on classifier output for individual and combined feature inputs. Accuracies of SVM classifier are 70%, 86.7% and 96.7% for ABCD, FOS and ABCD + FOS features respectively. Accuracies of BOW classifier are 96.2%, 96.5% and 97% for ABCD, FOS and ABCD + FOS features respectively. Better accuracy occurs in BOW classifier for combinational feature inputs.
Abstract:The accumulation of pesticides in cultivation soil exerts a selection pressure on its microbiota. Over time it generates insensitivity in harmful fungi for crops of economic and nutritional importance such as avocado and guava. The sensitivity of the pathogenic fungi of these fruit trees to the fungicides used for their control was evaluated in vitro and in a relevant environment. Most of the fungal isolates showed insensitivity to fungicides in the in vitro condition. However, the response changes depending on the environment where the fungicide and fungus interact. In Hass avocado fruit, the fungicide azoxystrobin was effective in reducing pedicle rot disease in avocado fruit. The insensitivity to conventional fungicides in laboratory tests and in a relevant environment (fruit) exhibited by the deleterious fungi of Hass avocado fruit and guava is an alert for the verification of pesticide management strategies in these crops.
Abstract:China and FOCAC member states have demonstrated consistent trade bonds over the years with promising growth potentials based on FOCAC agreement which was inoculated two decades ago. Understanding Chinaï¿½s forest products trade potential with this unique group of partners in the global forest market is of economic significance for the forest sector looking at the rising demand in use, the rate of depletion, and the position of china as a global user of primary forest products. With the gravity model of trade and 13 explanatory economic variables an analysis of Determinants and potentials of Chinaï¿½s forest trade with countries within FOCAC was conducted using data set on aggregate primary forest from 2000 to 2018.Our model which predicted 81% of the variation in the volume of trade accounted for by the explanatory variables revealed that, the GDPï¿½s of the two partners and Chinaï¿½s Language investment in partner countries have significant influence on the volume of trade, However forest Resource endowment in FOCAC countries as well as WTO memberships of exporters did not matter (insignificant) as Chinaï¿½s trade deals in this context is always hinged on FOCAC objectives and fair deals. All FOCAC trade partners appeared to be trading under their potential volume despites the favorable trade agreements imbed with in bilateral trade deals. This findings are paramount in formulating future forest trade agreements and enriching existing literature.
Abstract:Fine roots have been proved to play a crucial role in plant growth, ecosystem nutrient cycling and energy flow. Moreover, they can make sensitive perceptions and responses to environmental changes, showing the important adaption strategies of plant to environment. Studies on the strategies of fine root to environment and their influencing factors are urgent and essential. In the present study, the two study works were conducted systematically based on previous studies: 1) Review on the latest research results of the environmental adaptation strategies; 2) Summarization of the influencing factors of fine root adaptation strategies. We suggest research directions to address some of these issues for the purpose of refining adaptation strategies of plant fine roots to environments: 1) single research of fine root traits can not fully reflect the response of plant fine root to the environment; 2) relationships between rhizosphere environment and fine root traits needs to be further studied; 3) there are still uncertainties of adaptation strategies and mechanisms of fine roots under different durations and scales; 4) researches on fine root adaption strategies in Karst areas are obviously lack.
Abstract:A study was conducted using various sowing methods and engineering approaches on rice-wheat crop rotation for two consecutive years (2016-18) in Punjab Province of Pakistan. The sowing of crop was done by using three different techniques including Zone Disk Tiller Drill (ZDTD) with 39% crop residue retention (T1), Happy Seeder with 31% crop residue retention (T2) and conventional technique in which land was prepared with Rotavator and sowing was made with Rabi Seed Drill with zero crop residue retention (T3). The data were recorded for residue decomposition rate, soil bulk density, penetration resistance and crop yield, analyzed using Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) (α = 5%). The results revealed that zero tillage and crop residue had significant effect on crop yield and soil physical properties. Maximum value of rice straw residue decomposition (0.5 ton/acre) was found for T2 during 1st month of 1st year wheat crop and minimum decomposition value (0.13 ton/acre) was also found for T2 before harvesting of wheat crop in the same year. Maximum value of wheat straw residue decomposition was found during 1st month of 2nd year of wheat straw residue application for T1 and minimum value (0.12 ton/acre) for T1 during 2nd year of wheat straw residue application. Maximum soil bulk density was measured for T3 during 2nd year after 3 months of wheat sowing and minimum bulk density was calculated for T1 during 2nd year of experiment after 3 month of rice sowing. Maximum value of penetration resistance (62 kPa) was found during 1st year for T2 and minimum penetration resistance (37 kPa) was found for T3 during 1st year of experimentation. Maximum wheat yield of 1.94 ton/acre was noted for T1 during 2nd year of experimentation and minimum wheat yield of 1.67 ton/acre was noted for T3 during 2nd year. For rice crop maximum crop yield of 2.77 ton/acre was observed for T1 during 2nd year and minimum crop yield of 2.60 ton/acre was noted for T3 during 1st year of experimentation.
Abstract:Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between seg¬mental body composition, obe¬sity measures and body mass index (BMI) using bioelectrical impedance analysis. \nMethods: 48 adult individuals (30 females and 18 males) at Applied Science Private University (ASU) Faculty of Pharmacy Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics were participated in body composition analysis on 12 January 2020, and InBody 370S device was used to perform the analysis.\nResults: The results of BIA analysis, lean body mass and body muscle mass were found to be statistically significantly higher in obese female adults compared with obese boys. However, lean mass of the left arm, left leg muscle mass and basal metabolic rate were found to be statistically significantly( P< 0.05) lower in defined obese female compared none obese individuals.\nConclusion: The results proof that both lean and fat segmental analysis are highly correlated values, and the level of obesity and segmental analysis for female and male adults can be considered in Obesity and disease preventions.
Abstract:Tomato pomace a by-product of tomato processing is a potential agroindustrial waste could be used as raw materials and could be used in production of food produce of nutritional value. Peels and seeds are the major constituents of the tomato pomace and represents of about 5 % of tomato weight. These wastes if not used will aggravate the disposal and environmental problems. The aim of this study is to evaluate the chemical composition of tomato pomace collected from local factory in Al-Mafraq governorate located in Eastern part of Jordan to evaluate the use to this waste in Bioethanol production. Moisture content, total soluble sugars, protein, fat, total fiber, and Ash (mineral content). The moisture content (wet matter bases) was 69.5%. Tomato pomace chemical compositions (dry matter bases) used in this study were; 5.8% moisture, 59.2% fiber, 24.6% total sugars, 4.6% protein, 3.8% pectin, 1.1% total fat and 1.8% minerals( Ash). Ethanol produced after one-month fermentation without and with acid hydrolysis, were 100 ppm and 6.3%, respectively.
Abstract:Pomegranate (Punica granatum) mentioned in Quran three times, God has deposited in this fruit a lot of ingredients that made them a medicine for many diseases. Pomegranate is rich in minerals especially potassium, iron, calcium and phosphorus pomegranate rich in amino acids and vitamins (vitamin A, B3 and C Act with potassium and sodium, aim to maintained water balance in the body to prevent edema, also maintain functions of muscles and nerves. The phytochemicals presence in pomegranate such as: polyphenol, anthocyanin, flavonoid and tannins it considered to be antioxidant that treat for cancer, diabetes and other diseases. Pomegranate is specifically anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial, the health benefits of eating pomegranate are great\nStudies have shown that pomegranate seeds and flowers are a treatment for diabetes, osteoporosis and cancer. While leaves, peel and pomegranate juice treatment for many diseases such as: diabetes, obesity, Alzheimer\'s disease, kidney disease, osteoporosis, diarrhea, dental plaque, atherosclerosis, cancers and ulcer. This review is to collect information about pomegranate composition and the miraculous and medical benefits of pomegranate.